German: Laibach, Italian: Lubiana, Latin: Labacum or Aemona is the capital of Slovenia and its only centre of international importance.
It is located in the centre of the country in the Ljubljana Basin, and is the centre of the City Municipality of Ljubljana. With approximately 272,000 inhabitants, it classifies as the only Slovenian large town.
Throughout its history, it has been influenced by its geographic position at the crossroads of the Slavic world with the Germanic and Latin cultures. For centuries, Ljubljana was the capital of the historical region of Carniola, and in the 20th century it became the cultural, educational, economic, political and administrative centre of Slovenia, independent since 1991.
Its transport connections, concentration of industry, scientific and research institutions and cultural tradition are contributing factors to its leading position.