Podgorica was almost entirely destroyed during the Second World War but it underwent a rebirth and today its lively streets again reflect its unmistakable temperament. Particularly in the evening, when the Millennium Bridge over the Morača is lit up.Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro, gets its name from its position on a plain below (pod) a pine-covered hill (gorica). This name first appears in documents from the fourteenth century.
In post-war Yugoslavia the city was known as Titograd. In the Middle Ages, and even after 1474, when it fell into the hands of the Ottoman Turks, Podgorica was a lively crossroads. The Turks built a powerful fortress in the Stara Varoš district, although only its ruins are visible today, since like many other vestiges of Ottoman rule it was destroyed during a bombing raid in the Second World War.
Surviving monuments in Podgorica include the 16-metre Clock Tower, the Osmanagić and Glavatović mosques and the castle of King Nicholas I in Kruševac Park. Just three kilometres to the north-west are the remains of the ancient town of Doclea (today Duklja), where it is claimed that the Roman emperor Diocletian was born.
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